IAC Wiki-cum-Media

India Against Corruption

India Against Corruption
anti-corruption movement
General
© Logo: India Against Corruption HQ
India Against Corruption (IAC) is an Indian anti-corruption movement founded on 26 February 2007
Country India
Founded on 26 February 2007
Leader Sarbajit Roy, Veeresh Malik
Ideology Poorna Swaraj
Politics Non-political
Website IAC official website
Subpages
India Against Corruption Related Articles, India Against Corruption Bibliography, India Against Corruption External Links, India Against Corruption Code of conduct

India Against Corruption public wiki+media repository

Article Authors : P.Singh
India Against Corruption (IAC) is the present avatar of the 'Hindustan Republican Association', which was founded on 3 October,1924 at 'Kanpur' by 'Sachindra Nath Sanyal' and other freedom fighters but was banned as a terrorist organization by the Government of British India. The India Against Corruption jan andolan (people's movement) was revived twice after India's Independence as a a collective expression of the people of India fighting against corruption, fed up with misrule and corruption under India's main ruling party, on 17 April 1973 by 'Raj Narain' and again on 26 February 2007 by Sarbajit Roy IAC's current National Convenor.[1][2][3]

A well timed campaign by the organisers of the present movement supported by numerous activist organisations all working under the banner of "India Against Corruption" brought millions of protestors onto the streets in 2011 using charismatic figureheads, populist slogans and social media.[4] The campaign fanned popular anger against widespread corruption and the illegal system requiring bribes at every level of governance to get things done where democratically elected governments are so beholden to special interests that they can no longer deliver reform.[5][6]

The initial successes of the India Against Corruption campaign were soon lost, hit by a series of high profile scandals and exits of leaders from the campaign, the last announced on 3 August 2012 when the IAC campaign's lead figurehead Arvind Kejriwal (along with his charismatic deputy Anna Hazare) were eased out by IAC's owners the reclusive IAC head quarters (IAC-HQ) or HRA.[7]

Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)

Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) is a patriotic body whose ideology is 'Total Revolution' and 'The philosophy of the Bomb'[8][9] opposed to political process.

The basic objects and principles of the movement are:[10]

  1. To establish, through revolution, a Republic of the United States of India under a Federal Constitution of the Republic, enforced by organized and armed committees of citizens in a lawful, democratic and Constitutional manner.
  2. The basic principle of the organisation shall be Universal Suffrage and the abolition of all systems which make any kind of exploitation of man by man possible.

From 3rd September 2010 onwards disciplined Hindustan Republican Association socialist cadres organised anti-corruption protests throughout India against Commonwealth Games 2010 scandals under HRA's India Against Corruption banner.

India Against Corruption Mumbai protests

India Against Corruption Mumbai protests
India Against Corruption Inquilab Zindabad banner

India Against Corruption Inquilab Zindabad banner
Anna takes HRA blessings for starting IAC campaign

Anna takes HRA blessings for starting IAC campaign

History

Emergency days

On 17 April 1973, the moribund 'India Against Colonialism' body (founded in 1924 by Sanyal) was revived and renamed as India Against Corruption for purposes of filing an application before the Allahabad High Court (Uttar Pradesh) to assist HRA leader Raj Narain. The Uttar Pradesh republican movement, in coordination with other simultaneous lok andolans in Gujarat (Nav Nirman andolan) and Bihar (Bihar Chhatra Sangharsh Samiti) coalesced, under Lok Nayak JayaPrakash Narayan (JP), into the Sampoorna Kranti (Total Revolution) struggle against Congress Party oligarchy which culminated in a national state of Emergency declared on 25 June 1975 and which after prolonged agitations resulted in installation of the first non-Congress government of the 'Janata Party' with 'Morarji Desai' as Prime Minister 2 years later.

HRA bomb maker George Fernandes arrested

HRA bomb maker George Fernandes arrested
HRA Total Revolution rally Patna, Jayaprakash Narayan

HRA Total Revolution rally Patna, Jayaprakash Narayan
HRA Total Revolution rally New Delhi, Jayaprakash Narayan

HRA Total Revolution rally New Delhi, Jayaprakash Narayan

Origins of India Against Corruption movement

The present IAC (“India Against Corruption”) is an organised synergy of India’s leading anti-corruption and transparency activists, known as Humjanenge, who met up in New Delhi between 13-15 October 2006 for the Central Information Commission's National RTI Convention, and declared on the spot to combat corruption collectively by forging a common platform. The declarants included many eminent transparency activists associated with the National Campaign for Political Reform in India ("NCPRI") which was formed on 15 August 2002 to agitate for implementation of a Supreme Court judgment directing candidates for political office to declare their assets and list the criminal cases pending against them.

Anna Hazare at a 'Humjanenge' meeting in Pune, 2005

Anna Hazare at a 'Humjanenge' meeting in Pune, 2005
Anna Hazare and IAC Gen Sec. Manoj Pai at Delhi, 2006
(CC-NC-ND) Image: Veeresh Malik
Anna Hazare and IAC Gen Sec. Manoj Pai at Delhi, 2006
Anna Hazare and IAC Gen Sec. CJ Karira at Delhi, 2006
(CC-NC-ND) Image: Veeresh Malik
Anna Hazare and IAC Gen Sec. CJ Karira at Delhi, 2006

Foundation of India Against Corruption movement on 26 February 2007

A NCPRI public service tent
HRA and NCPRI settle IAC
Foundation of IAC platform

On 25 February 2007, it was proposed by liberation author and scholar 'Gita Dewan Verma' to Sarbajit Roy that a powerful citizens vigilante body in consonance with HRA's philosophy be immediately formed to pursue corrupt Indian government officers involved in land mafia activity. Her proposal was seconded by several prominent RTI activists like Chaudhuris Rajinder Singh, Indrajit Singh, Hoti Lal, Samay Singh, Ajit Singh, Navin, Badri Prasad, Harpal Singh etc. who were fighting Delhi's powerful land and water mafia.

Sarbajit Roy immediately convened a meeting of HRA, Humjanenge and NCRPI workers at Delhi to form such a vigilante body as a anti-corruption common platform. Notable attendees from Humjanenge and NCPRI movements included Veeresh Malik, Shekhar Singh, Arvind Kejriwal, Manish Sisodia, Ravinder Balwani etc. who agreed that Sarbajit Roy and Veeresh Malik would be Convenor and co-Convenor respectively of this national body of anti-corruption activists under HRA.

The name “India Against Corruption” thus came to be formally adopted on 26 February 2007 outside the Central Information Commission office in the presence of many NCPRI activists after IAC’s convenor Sarbajit Roy proposed it as a tribute to Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan’s pioneering movement. Roy proposed that the permission to use the India Against Corruption brand name for a movement to monitor accounts of Common Wealth Games 2010, already initiated by Veeresh Malik, would be obtained from the “Hindustan Republican Army” (action wing of HRA) who were known to him. Roy had been initiated into activism as a teenager by JP himself at Mumbai when they resided in the same premises.

The RTI Crusaders conference on 12 and 13 May 2007 at Pune

Later a follow up meeting, crucial for IAC's future, was convened at 'Pune' between 12-13 May 2007 to coincide with the National RTI Conference[11] organised by NCPRI, then managed by Sarbajit Roy and Veeresh Malik, at Anna Hazare's 'Hind Swaraj Trust' premises at which the leading anti-corruption grass roots activists of India formulated their future strategies to "clean up the government". Other participants included Prakash Kardaley, Arvind Kejriwal, Mujibur Rehman, Prashant Bhushan, Manish Sisodia, Medha Patkar, Madhu Purnima Kishwar, Frederick Noronha, Vijay Kumbhar. However, Sarbajit Roy did not attend this meeting over some disagreements.

'Lokpal' panel discussion at IAC NCPRI Pune 2007
(CC-NC-ND) Image: Veeresh Malik
'Lokpal' panel discussion at IAC NCPRI Pune 2007
Arvind Kejriwal's talk at IAC NCPRI Pune 2007
(CC-NC-ND) Image: Frederick Noronha
Arvind Kejriwal's talk at IAC NCPRI Pune 2007
Mujibur Rehman, Arvind Kejriwal at IAC Pune 2007
(CC-NC-ND) Image: Frederick Noronha
Mujibur Rehman, Arvind Kejriwal at IAC Pune 2007
Mujibur Rehman's talk at IAC NCPRI Pune 2007
(CC-NC-ND) Image: Frederick Noronha
Mujibur Rehman's talk at IAC NCPRI Pune 2007

On 15 July 2007 the NCPRI movement suffered a setback with the demise of veteran editor Prakash Kardaley who had acted as the peacekeeper between its various factions.[12] Almost immediately the NCPRI's Humjanenge network which linked its members split into 2 groups, nominally under Aruna Roy and Sarbajit Roy respectively. The latter group decided to use widespread coordinated RTI requests in the name of "India Against Corruption" to uncover the extensive scandals in the forthcoming CommonWealth Games 2010 allocated to New Delhi. In 2008 they registered and activated a private domain www.indiaagainstcorruption.net to coordinate the cross-country anti-corruption efforts of IAC's "core committee" and archive their data.

India Against Corruption (IAC)

India Against Corruption Code of Conduct

For more information, see: India_Against_Corruption/Code_of_conduct.

IAC's code of conduct was adopted on 29 March 2008, and is the master guideline which all members of this movement must adhere to strictly. The key features of the document define IAC as a non-political, secular, inclusive, transparent, peaceful, Republican, egalitarian people's movement.

External links

Citations

  1. First Post India Against Corruption
  2. Customer Care directory 16 Oct 2012 India Against Corruption (IAC)
  3. India Against Corruption official website
  4. Veeresh Malik, MoneyLife 6 Apr 2011 The Internet is waking the citizens up against graft and fuelling protests all around India
  5. Business Scandals, Corruption, and Reform, by Gary Giroux, p.86-87
  6. Thomas Friedman 'Two Peas in a Pod' New York Times, 8 November 2011
  7. India Against Corruption assets caught in tug of war
  8. Manifesto: The Philosophy of the Bomb, Delhi, 23 December 1929],The Philosophy of the Bomb
  9. Delhi, 23 December 1929 e-text 'The Philosophy of the Bomb'
  10. HRA Manifesto of 1 January 1925,To Make the Deaf Hear - Ideology and Programme of Bhagat Singh and His Comrades
  11. Veeresh Malik‎ >India Against Corruption >April 4 2011, And this is where the seeds were sown ... miss Prakash Kardaley and his basic ground skills on a day like this, as well as the way he carried the mainstream media as well as the public servant in service with him, too ...
  12. http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/prakash-kardaley-journalist-and-activist-dies-at-65/205097/
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